Honey and Mumford's Learning Styles

靖博 阅读:3681 2018-06-20 09:13:46 评论:0

Honey and Mumford learning styles were developed by Peter Honey and Alan Mumford in 1986.

这一理论的基础是大卫库伯(David Kolb)的经验学习圈理论(experiential learning),即认为经验学习过程是由四个适应性学习阶段构成的环形结构,包括具体经验,反思性观察,抽象概念化,主动实践。

参考阅读

https://www.simplypsychology.org/learning-kolb.html

http://cei.ust.hk/files/public/simplypsychology_kolb_learning_styles.pdf

Peter Honey和Alan Mumford经实验证明库伯的这个经验学习圈理论不适用于现代公司的职业经理人,于是开发出了一套学习类型理论(The Learning Style Questionnaire),通过40或80个问题,根据测试者的回答分为四个学习风格/类型:Activists, Reflectors, Theorists, Pragmatics.

这四种类型或风格本没有高下之分,但在很多企业老板的眼中,pragmatist(实用主义者)竟然被视为最佳类型,因为这一型的经理人“不过多考虑后果和论证,直奔主题,get the job done. ”(四个类型特点见下表)

但其实Honey和Mumford的理论本意并未给任何一种学习类型者贴上标签,而是在分类的同时进一步提出这不仅是四种不同的学习风格,更是连续发展的四个学习阶段,整体形成一个上升的循环。

  • Having an experience
  • Reflecting on it
  • Drawing their own conclusions (theorizing)
  • Putting their theory into practice to see what happens

从这个意义而言,不论你是哪种学习类型,都可以从你的现有阶段进入这个学习循环,然后按照逆时针所示步骤进入下一步。

有兴趣的朋友可以在线测试一下(40个问题):

https://resources.eln.io/honey-mumford-learner-types-1986-questionnaire-online/

我的测试结果是:reflector

You learn by observing and thinking. You prefer listening to lectures and watching demonstrations, researching and group discussions. You like to think about your experiences and observe from different perspectives. You like to collect data directly and from others and analyse it thoroughly before making a decision. This may lead you to delay reaching a decision quickly. You are thoughtful and prefer to be passive in discussions and observe others in action. You are a good listener and take all points into consideration before offering your own views.

参考阅读

http://www.nwlink.com/~donclark/hrd/styles/honey_mumford.html

https://resources.eln.io/honey-and-mumford-learning-styles/

https://www2.le.ac.uk/departments/doctoralcollege/training/eresources/teaching/theories/honey-mumford

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