American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us

靖博 阅读:962 2018-08-14 14:30:03 评论:0

推荐一本好书“American Grace: How Religion Divides and Unites Us",作者是Robert D. Putnam和David E. Campbell.

作者简介

Robert David Putnam is a political scientist and professor of public policy at the Harvard University John F. Kennedy School of Government.

David E. Campbell (Canadian) is an author and is the John Cardinal O'Hara, C.S.C. Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame and the founding director of the Rooney Center for the Study of American Democracy.

这是一本我在学的公开课中老师多次提到和援引的书,在美国社会政治宗教研究领域地位很高的一本书。已加入我的google library阅读书单。本文是对这本书的简介。

这本书2010年甫一出版,便立即引起了美国社会各界的关注。

全书数据来自一系列社会调查结果。其中最重要的是两个调查:

(1) 2006年哈佛大学主持的Faith Matters Survey

*调查问卷结果:http://americangrace.org//wp-content/uploads/2013/10/FM2006-FINAL.pdf

The Faith Matters Survey was conducted on behalf of Harvard University by International Communications Research in the summer of 2006. The survey was generously funded by the John Templeton Foundation. The national survey interviewed roughly 3,100 Americans in an hour-long phone survey both about their religion (beliefs, belonging and behavior) and their social and political engagement. The data provided precise measurements of religious belief and behavior to help scholars determine their relative stability among different sub-populations and as compared to nonreligious beliefs and behaviors. Some variable names have been modified by the ARDA. Original variable names are in parentheses.

(2) 2007年the Faith Matters 2007 survey

在这次调查中,调查人员对2006年第一次参与问卷调查的人再次进行了问卷。

*调查问卷结果:FM2007 FINAL

两次调查问卷的方法(methodology)参见:http://americangrace.org/research/

调查结果令很多美国人震惊,因为与大多数的想象不一样。其中,最出名的一个调查结果表明,美国人的宗教信仰程度远高于其他西方国家。如下图所示,美国人每周上教堂的人数排在约旦、印尼、埃及、南非、巴西、印度等传统宗教“大国”后面,但远远高于西欧和北欧日本等发达国家。


Goodreads评价说,书中列举了很多令美国人想不到的数据。

Nearly every chapter of American Grace contains a surprise about American religious life. Among them:
● Between one-third and one-half of all American marriages are interfaith;
● Roughly one-third of Americans have switched religions at some point in their lives;
● Young people are more opposed to abortion than their parents but more accepting of gay marriage;
● Even fervently religious Americans believe that people of other faiths can go to heaven;
● Religious Americans are better neighbors than secular Americans—more generous with their time and treasure even for secular causes—but the explanation has less to do with faith than with their communities of faith;
● Jews are the most broadly popular religious group in America today. 

(https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/7841392-american-grace)

About 83% of Americans identify with a religious tradition, about 40% go to church at least weekly, about 59% pray at least once a week, and about a third read scripture at least once a week.


参考链接

迅速了解全书目录可参阅:https://informationknoll.wordpress.com/2014/02/06/summary-of-americas-grace-by-putnam-and-campbell-2010/

2006年Faith Matters Survey信息大全:https://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/RCMD/studies/36315

2011年Faith Matters Survey信息大全:http://www.thearda.com/Archive/Files/Descriptions/FTHMAT11.asp

American Grace官方网站:http://americangrace.org/

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